Compose-tea

What Is Compost Tea? Let’s Know!

It might sound unbelievable that a kind of tea exists because if you ask anyone who doesn’t know about it they will think that it a new blend of tea that has come up since it has the word ‘tea’ along with it. But having the word ‘tea’ by its side doesn’t mean that it is an edible beverage that can be consumed by humans. No wonder why there will be many assumptions regarding ‘compost tea’.

So let’s get started on this topic,

What is compost tea?

Compost tea is not a kind of consumable beverage but the word ‘compost’ means a decomposing organic and inorganic compound and so is the term ‘compost tea’ simply means a decomposing liquid. The term is defined as a liquefied mixture of everything organic which is decaying and of a biodegradable matter and is a non-consumable product that is used as an organic fertilizer to improve the growth and crop nutrition of plants and crops. It is called tea because of the decomposing process that involves steeping and fermentation of the compost in water and that it produces a liquid that has a color similar to the consumable tea after brewing. 

Compose-tea

Benefits of Compost tea

  • Organic fertilizer

Being organic in nature is helpful in many areas concerning having many beneficial factors that can enhance the properties without bringing any disadvantage in the process. Organic fertilizers are always implemented to be used in the growing and harvesting of crops as they have 100% safe and beneficial properties. The property of self-degradation and the symbiotic feature has helped improve soil texture and soil gradient along with boosting the growth of micro-organisms to function and provide nutrients to the plant.   

  • Nutrient Source

As an organic fertilizer, compost tea is a great source of nutrients that helps in the growth, health, and development of the plant. It was seen as effective in that it can share the appropriate distribution of biomass at different parts according to their requirements. The requirement of nutrients was balanced and the process of distribution was also secured and perfectly done by the plant tissues as their need for nutrients was fulfilled.

  • Bioactive metabolites

It can act as an intermediate for the biological enzyme to process plant growth. They aid in the process of root development (Increase the proliferation of root hairs and enrichment of root tips) and nutrient uptake (Supports the N transport mechanisms) 

It is interesting to note that compost tea is beneficial for plant growth and that it is organic, but how do we make them?

In the next section, it is given briefly on how it’s made? 

How to make compost tea?

Ingredients

  • Non-chlorinated water
  • 2-3 cups of inoculant (compost)
  • ½-1 cup of the food source for micro-organism

Materials

  • 5-gallon bucket 
  • Pump aerator

Method

  1. Making the tea:
  • Fill up the five-gallon bucket with non-chlorinated water leaving only 2-3 inches of headroom at top of the bucket.
  • Add inoculant.
  • And add the food source.
  • Stir the bucket without spilling it outside
        2.Steeping
  • The combined tea is ready to be pumped.
  • Turning on the pump inside the bucket will add up more and more oxygen which will aid in the steeping process.
  • Now, steep the aerated tea for three-four days for letting the microbes grow in the tea to enhance nutrient source properties.
  • Always stir the tea daily so that the process of sedimentation doesn’t take place.
  • After three-four days, remove the pump after turning it off.
  • Then strain the tea well with a cloth on another bucket so that no solids are mixed.
  • Thus, after straining, the compost tea is ready to use.

How to make compost tea for vegetables?

Ingredients

  • Compost
  • Dried manure
  • Water

Materials

  • Bucket

Method

  • Fill the bucket with water.
  • Then add the compost and manure into the bucket.
  • Then allow the mixture to infuse well for two-three days.
  • Always stir it daily.
  • After two-three days the top tea can be used for plant growth.

Compost-tea

 

How to make compost tea without a pump?

Ingredients

  • Sugar
  • Two weeks stew
  • Manure
  • Tap water
  • Compost

Materials

  • Bucket

Method

  1. In a half bucket of two weeks stew.
  2. Add the compost, sugar, and manure into the bucket.
  3. Then fill it with water and leave for two-three days.
  4. And stir it daily.
  5. After two-three days the top tea can be used for plant growth.

How to make compost tea from kitchen waste?

Ingredients

  • Water
  • Vegetable waste
  • Manure

Materials

  • Unused bucket

Method

  • In an unused bucket always put the vegetable peels.
  • When it is filled with vegetable waste.
  • Add manure at the top and fill it with water.
  • Then allow the mixture to infuse well for the process of fermentation to take place  for two-three days
  • Always stir it daily.
  • After two-three days the top tea is fully oxidized and breakdown of vegetable waste is fermented
  • The compost tea is ready to use.

How to make compost tea for cannabis?

Ingredients 

  • Non-chlorinated water
  • Compost
  • Worm castings
  • Molasses
  • Kelp
  • Fish hydrolysate

Materials

  • Five-gallon bucket
  • Pump aerator device
  • 400-micron mesh bag
  • Airstone

Method

  • Connect the bucket with the pump on the outside.
  • Now, fill the bucket with water and add molasses to it.
  • Then add all the remaining ingredients in a mesh bag and put it in the bucket. 
  • And add the air stones to the bucket and starts brewing it.
  • Brew the mixture at 10°C for 72 hours.
  • After 72 hours the tea is ready to use.

How to use compost tea?

  • All the types of compost tea are used in the same way for applying it to the plant. 
  • The compost tea is diluted between a ratio of 1:20 i.e., a 100ml compost tea for 2 liters of water. 
  • Then fill the solution in a watering can.
  • Then we can spray the solution at the base of the plant so to allow the solution to get to the roots.

Conclusion

Compost tea is a beneficial liquid applicable to enhance plant/crop growth as it has an immense property as an organic fertilizer. It can be easily prepared at home with the basic ingredients and can be used as a plant grow regulator (PGR).  

 

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