Tea is not only a beverage rather an emotion and is a necessity in most households may it be in any corner of the world. There is a staggeringly large variety of teas with a plethora of histories, tastes, and aromas. We are diving deep into the two of the most prominent teas which have to be green and black tea.
Though both these rulers of the tea world are derived from the same plant there are some substantial and major differences in their processing still in the same tea genre there still can be a variety of traditional or cultural differences. These endless varieties of genres are quite perplexing so here is a detailed comprehensible comparative study of both these rulers of tea genres.
What is Green Tea vs Black Tea?
Green tea vs Black tea is scrutinized and made comprehensible and crystal clear which makes it easier to choose one of them. Green tea vs Black tea has been fragmented into various subcategories according to their caffeine content and process of production.
There are differences way more than just in their respective colors but also in the nutrients content, caffeine, and processing but still we have major black tea vs green tea wars going in our mind. Below is a green vs black tea comparative study.
What is Green Tea?
Green Tea is derived from a plant called “Camellia sinensis” which is an evergreen native plant found in India and China and is well known and hailed globally for its numerous health benefits. Green Tea is partially fermented and is not oxidized anytime or any way during its processing or production.
These leaves are harvested from the tea plants and heated to avoid oxidation. Hence, the leaves are pan-fried, steamed, or simply dried to prevent withering and a green hue is retained which is quite similar to the tea plant itself.
What is Black Tea?
Same as green tea, black tea is also derived from the “Camellia sinensis” plant and they are basically produced in India, Sri Lanka, and China. Black tea undergoes the complete process of fermentation and is completely oxidized and withered to get rid of moisture and the leaves are rolled into minuscule brakes for passage or interchange of oxygen with the enzymes present on the leaves. Then they are rolled with a machine by hand which is completely dependent on the respective companies and producers.
Caffeine in Green tea vs Black tea
Green tea vs black tea is scrutinized based on caffeine content which will make it easier to decide one of the two rulers of the tea world.
How much caffeine in green tea vs black tea?
Black Tea has comparatively higher caffeine content but it is also dependent on the type of tea, soil, climate, and elevation of the plant. They are made from new leaves so they often tend to have higher caffeine levels than the ones made from older leaves that have lower levels of caffeine. On average black tea contains 50 to 90 mg caffeine and 30 to 100 mg caffeine per cup. Some flavored black teas which are added and blended with spices and herbal tea have comparatively less caffeine content.
Green tea has comparatively low caffeine content that is 25 to 35 mg and 8 to 30 mg per cup. It is well known for its mental acuity without any other harmful side effects. Whereas some green teas like jasmine green tea have comparatively higher caffeine content than an autumnal black tea.
So the conclusion of “How much caffeine in black tea vs green tea?” is quite confusing as it all depends on the specific type of tea and the number of servings in a day. It is a misconception that green tea is free from caffeine as both green tea and black tea contain decent caffeine content, as the buds contain higher caffeine levels than old leaves. So, green tea with buds will be stronger than unbroken mature black tea leaves.
Green tea vs Black tea based on Sweetness and Bitterness:
Green tea and Black tea based on sweetness create a substantial difference but more or less both are sweet or bitter. Sweetness or bitterness may depend on the type of plant, weather, the surrounding conditions, and the producer or the cultivator.
For example, Matcha Green Tea is often sweeter and greener as it is cultivated especially. The flavor of the tea is chiefly dependent on the cultivator and the production process.
Bitterness in tea basically comes from antioxidants and caffeine content. Antioxidants are the principal cause of the bitterness in both green and black tea. Hence, green tea is bitter due to comparatively more antioxidants present in it.
Based on Antioxidants:
Antioxidants are the most important component for green tea. Caffeine, L-theanine, and chlorophyll are principal components of green tea whereas Antioxidants, caffeine, and L-theanine are major elements of black tea. EGCG is the most important antioxidant present in green tea whereas theaflavins in black teas.
Based on Health Benefits:
- Helps in Weight Loss
- Helps in Detoxification
- Prevents Cancer
- Boosts the Immune System
- Lowers Cholesterol Levels
- Boosts the mind
- Health Heart Protector
- Helpful in Weight loss
- Good for Hair and Skin
- Protects from any oral damages.
How to brew Green Tea and Black Tea perfectly?
Recipe for brewing Green Tea:
- Green Tea Leaves/Bag
- 220ml Water
- Heat 220ml of water until it starts to boil.
- Add approx 2.5 gms of green tea leaves in a pan.
- Place a lid and cover it and let it brew for the next 3 minutes.
- Strain using a thin sieve and add lemon or any sweetener.
- Serve and Enjoy.
Recipe for brewing Black Tea:
- Green Tea Leaves/Bag
- 220ml Water
- Heat 220 ml of water until it starts to boil.
- Add hot water to 2.5 gms of black tea leaves in a pot.
- Cover it and let it steep for 4 minutes.
- Strain and add lemon or honey(sweetener) according to your preferences.
- Serve and Enjoy.
So, to decide the winner of Green tea vs Black tea is quite complex and it depends on your choice and taste buds. But if one of these has to be awarded an award, then green tea would be awarded based on healthy beverages.
Both these teas possess some health benefits as green tea is prominent for its weight loss properties and black tea is a protector of the heart’s health. So, both of them are significantly their ways.
Making sure that the teas are suitable for your taste buds and health is the fundamental role. There is a huge range of flavors of tea available that will relish and invigorate the mind, body, and soul!