The classification of tea is not limited to their types, their oxidation or their processing. Premium teas are further classified according to their flush. Tea flush is the period where tea plants grow new leaves to be harvested. Depending upon the tea flush they have varied characteristics like appearance, colour and taste.
The tea plants are dormant during the winter months. In spring the growing season starts leading to harvest, finishing the flush. The Darjeeling teas are often cited as first flush and second flush teas.
What is First Flush tea?
As the names suggest, the first flush tea is the first tea harvested in spring. Plucking may even precede to late winters. Depending upon the location, the first flush takes place between late February and mid-April. The first flush tea is also mentioned as the Easter flush or Spring flush. Most tea connoisseurs consider the first flush as the best flush, pricing it accordingly high. The leaves are picked when they are yet tender along with the shoots on the bushes.
“First Flush” is often attributed to the flavour rather than the plucking time. The first flush tea is extremely delicate and fresh. They are picked up in the combination of two leaves and a bud. The first flush contains maximum catechins, caffeine and L-theanine stimulant. To preserve the spring flavour, first flush teas are less oxidized during processing. They appear largely green and may sometimes be mistaken as green tea. The first flush tea bestows brisk, floral, light and astringent flavour. The steep displays a pale colour like light yellow. The aroma of the first flush is floral. It can be processed into black, white or peachy tea.
What is Second Flush Tea?
After a bit of dormancy, the second flush follows the first flush. The period of the second flush is between early summer and throughout the monsoon. Some consider the second flush to last between May and June. The second flush tea yields well rounded and matured tea leaves. The leaves have purplish hints and silver tips. The brew of this tea is brighter with a muscatel full-bodied character. The taste of the infusion is fruity and the liquor is dark and strong. Tea brewed from the second flush tea is less astringent.
The Darjeeling Tea Flushes
The Darjeeling tea is usually harvested in four flushes.
The first flush is between late winter and late spring. Darjeeling second or summer flush happens between late spring and early summer.
The monsoon flush is reserved between July through October. It harvests large leaves which accord a strong colour and bold flavour. Tea of this flush is commonly availed for iced tea and teabag manufacture.
The Autumnal flush runs through the autumn season. October and November are months corresponding to the Autumnal flush. The tea leaves from this flush award fine copper coloured beverage. The brew is nutty, rich and smooth in flavour. During this time the leaf growth slows down; it squeezes out the last remains. Then the development goes dormant in winters.
Tea Flush In Japan and China
The Japanese refer to their first flush tea as shencha or ichibancha. This first harvest is the most expensive one. It materializes from mid-April to the entire May. The second harvest occurs during late summer. Stronger leaves are obtained in the third summer flush and fourth autumnal flush. The precious, high-quality first flush is used in making luxurious Sencha tea. The rest flushes may be used for both sencha and bancha.
In China, the extravagant, valuable tea leaves are plucked before the Qing Ming festival interestingly called- Pre Qing Ming Tea. It corresponds to late March and early April. Second flush tea of spring results in April. Special Chinese teas- Dan Cong and Taiwanese high maintained are pulled in the winter season too. The Kwin Yan tea is harvested throughout the seasons.
The Flushes and Taste
With the advancement of spring, the tea plants avail better growing conditions and weather. This gives them enough time to collect the most nutrients. Thus the first harvest is considered of a high standard.
The bushes grow much faster under the exposure to more sun. The second harvest is ready sooner. However, they contain fewer nutrients, which consequently affect the flavour too. The Autumnal flushes of any location are regarded of the lowest quality.
The Spring harvests grant light, airy and extremely fresh leaves that delight the taste buds. The steep of summer harvest imparts the intense colour of the full-bodied leaves. The Autumnal flush offers a lighter taste than a summer one. Nevertheless, it is less fresh than the spring flush. Tea consumers appreciate the late winter harvest which brings back the coolness and freshness again.
Power Flush Herbal Tea
The power flush herbal tea is an exotic detoxifying tea. It is made of the most effective herbs that are powerful in removing toxins from the body. It is manufactured by the detox industry who have spent years in research.
The tea has been certified as Kosher and Parva due to its cleanliness effect.
Benefits of Power Flush Herbal Tea
- It aids to end the cravings of sugar, caffeine, nicotine and drugs.
- It flushes out the toxins bestowing the body with increased energy levels.
- It cleanses the digestive tract.
- It is an effective weight loss product.
- It enhances mental functions by removing the chemicals from food additives.
- Thepower flush herbal tea reduces allergies, acne and obesity too.
Does Green Tea flush out Toxins?
The green tea is considered an excellent cleansing tea. It is an abundant combination of anti-oxidants, trace minerals and nutrients. The anti-oxidant fight free radicals before they damage the cells. The green tea is essential for hydration, promoting nutrient absorption and regulating body temperature. It aids in digestion and hence green tea flushes out toxins. Green tea is packed with polyphenols that support the body’s detox system. Moreover, green tea may aid in weight loss with greater fat-burning properties. Therefore green tea does flush out toxins!
So the quality of tea is categorized according to their flushes as well. Different harvests yield different flavoured teas. However, the periods are not fixed and may vary according to the weather and location. We have even explored the benefits of power flush herbal tea. As a tea drinker now you may be able to identify the flush of tea depending upon the taste and colour!